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5 Essential Government Business Loan Schemes in India For Entrepreneurs

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Just as every plant needs water and sunlight to thrive, every business requires steady resources to flourish. Whether you are nurturing a budding startup, tending to an established enterprise, or cultivating a growing venture, financial resources are the vital nutrients that fuel its progress.

Maintaining a healthy cash flow is advantageous and essential for survival in the dynamic landscape of modern business. Yet, sustaining this flow can feel like a daunting task amidst the challenges of competition and economic fluctuations.

Fortunately, governments worldwide recognize businesses’ pivotal role in driving economic growth and innovation. In India, various government-backed loan schemes stand ready to support entrepreneurs and enterprises, empowering them to weather storms and seize opportunities.

Find out about some of the most impactful leading government-backed business loan programs that could help your business. 

Top Government Business Loan Schemes:

These schemes aim to provide financial support and encourage entrepreneurship across various sectors in the country. Here’s a detailed look at each scheme:

Scheme NameUnder this scheme, businesses can receive up to 15% subsidy on their investment in specific machinery. 
Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY)This scheme provides loans up to Rs. 10 lakh to non-corporate, non-farm small/micro enterprises. 
Credit-Linked Capital Subsidy SchemeNSIC provides financial support through the Performance and Credit Rating Scheme to improve the competitiveness of MSMEs.
MSME Loan SchemeNSIC provides financial support through the Performance and Credit Rating Scheme to improve the competitiveness of MSMEs.
National Small Industries Corporation SubsidyNSIC provides financial support through Performance and Credit Rating Scheme to improve the competitiveness of MSMEs.
SIDBI LoanSIDBI primarily focuses on lending to Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) that require funds for their business operations.

Here’s an understanding of the business loans in detail:

Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY)

Scheme Overview: The Prime Minister initiated the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) on April 8, 2015. These loans fall under the MUDRA (Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency Limited) category within PMMY.


  • Facilitates the growth of MSMEs (Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises) by providing accessible financing.
  • Enables entrepreneurship by offering financial support to micro-units.

Requirements for using the scheme:

  • Borrowers must be small or micro-enterprises outside the corporate and farming sectors.
  • Loans can be accessed through Commercial Banks, Small Finance Banks, MFIs, or NBFCs.
  • Applicants can also utilize the UdyamiMitra portal for online applications.

Schemes under PMMY:

  • Shishu: Offers loans up to Rs. 50,000 for budding enterprises.
  • Kishor: Extends loans above Rs. 50,000 to Rs. 5 lakhs for growing businesses.
  • Tarun: Provides loans exceeding Rs. 5 lakhs up to Rs. 10 lakhs for established micro-units.

Credit-Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme (CLCSS)

Scheme Overview: The Credit-Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme (CLCSS) offers a government-backed financial boost to businesses seeking to advance technologically in various sectors, such as marketing, supply chain management, and manufacturing. 

Eligible Entities: Partnership firms, private or public limited companies, sole proprietorships, and cooperatives are eligible to access loans under this scheme.

Benefits of CLCSS:

  • Upfront Capital Subsidy: A 15% subsidy is provided on additional investment, up to Rs.1 crore, to aid in integrating state-of-the-art technology.
  • Encouragement of Technology Upgradation: The scheme encourages technology upgradation by offering upfront capital subsidies to MSMEs, fostering innovation and competitiveness.
  • Enhanced Competitiveness: CLCSS drives growth and efficiency within specified sectors or products by facilitating access to advanced technologies.

Requirements for Using CLCSS:

  • Access Points: Entities can approach 12 designated banks or agencies, including SIDBI, NABARD, and SBI.
  • Exclusions: Units merely replacing existing equipment or opting for used machinery do not qualify for this subsidy.
  • Subsidy Cap: Rs.15 lakh subsidy cap.

Impact of CLCSS: CLCSS’s assistance aims to empower businesses to embrace advanced technologies, thereby driving growth and efficiency in the industry.

MSME Loan Scheme in 59 Minutes

Aim: The MSME Loan Scheme aims to efficiently meet the working capital requirements of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). What sets it apart is its remarkable processing speed, which takes just 59 minutes for approval or disapproval.

Beneficiaries: Both existing and new enterprises.

Requirements for Using the Scheme:

  • Eligibility: Entities must qualify as Micro, Small, or Medium Enterprises per the government’s classification.
  • Documentation: Complete and accurate documentation regarding business operations, financial statements, and other relevant information.
  • Creditworthiness: Demonstrating the ability to repay the loan within the specified timeframe.
  • Compliance: Adherence to all regulatory requirements and guidelines set forth by the lending institution and government authorities.

Benefits of the Scheme:

  • Speed: Rapid processing ensures quick access to funds, enabling timely execution of business plans and operations.
  • Accessibility: The scheme is available to existing and new enterprises, promoting inclusivity and growth across the MSME sector.
  • Attractive Interest Rates: Competitive interest rates, such as the 8% rate mentioned, make the scheme financially feasible for borrowers.
  • Special Provisions: Earmarked reservations for specific groups, such as the 3% allocation for women entrepreneurs, promote diversity and inclusivity within the MSME sector.
  • Support for Economic Growth: By providing timely access to capital, the scheme fuels innovation, creates employment opportunities, and contributes to overall economic development.

National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC)

Objective: The National Small Industries Corporation is a government initiative that supports small-scale entrepreneurs in areas such as technology, marketing, and finance. It is regarded as one of the most beneficial government schemes for business owners.

NSIC offers two primary schemes: the Marketing Support Scheme and credit support scheme

Marketing Support Scheme:


  • Access to consortia schemes facilitates collective marketing efforts, reducing individual marketing costs.
  • Tender marketing assistance increases visibility and accessibility to government procurement opportunities.
  • Enhanced market reach through promotional activities aids in expanding business horizons.


  • Eligible businesses must fulfill the NSIC’s criteria for participation in consortia schemes.
  • Compliance with tendering procedures and regulations for accessing tender marketing assistance.
  • Adherence to NSIC guidelines for promotional activities to avail maximum benefits.

Credit Support Scheme: 


  • Financial assistance enables entrepreneurs to procure raw materials, ensuring uninterrupted production processes.
  • Access to financing options supports business expansion and growth initiatives.
  • Marketing assistance aids in penetrating new markets and increasing sales revenue.


  • Eligible businesses must meet NSIC’s criteria for availing financial assistance.
  • Submission of necessary documents and business plans for evaluation and approval.
  • Compliance with NSIC’s guidelines regarding the utilization of funds for approved purposes.


SIDBI Loan schemes offer crucial financial support to MSMEs, facilitating their growth and sustainability in the competitive business landscape. Here’s a breakdown of the benefits and requirements of the SIDBI Make In India Loan For Enterprises (SMILE) scheme:


  • Flexible Financing: SIDBI combines soft and term loans, allowing MSMEs to manage their financial obligations effectively.
  • Support for Growth Initiatives: The scheme aids in implementing growth strategies such as expansion, modernization, and technological upgrades, fostering innovation and competitiveness.
  • Favorable Terms: SMILE offers loans on favorable terms, including extended repayment periods of up to 10 years, easing the burden of repayment for MSMEs.
  • No Collateral Requirement: Loans of up to Rs 1 crore are available without collateral, reducing the barriers to accessing funds for smaller businesses.
  • Alignment with Government Initiatives: By supporting the ‘Make in India’ initiative, SMILE contributes to the national goal of promoting indigenous manufacturing and economic self-reliance.


Eligible Entities:

  • New enterprises in manufacturing and services.
  • Existing businesses seeking growth opportunities, modernization, or technological upgrades.

Loan Range: Rs 10 lakhs to 25 crores.

Repayment Period: Up to 10 years.

Priority Focus: Smaller MSMEs are given priority under this scheme.

Purpose of Loan:

  • Establishing new businesses.
  • Expanding existing operations.
  • Modernization and technological upgrades.

Debt-Equity Ratio: Loans are structured to help meet debt-equity ratios effectively.

Collateral Requirement: Loans up to Rs 1 crore are available without collateral, providing flexibility and accessibility to smaller businesses.

In conclusion, India’s top government business loan schemes are crucial in supporting entrepreneurship. These schemes help businesses grow and contribute to the economy by providing financial assistance and incentives.


  1. What are the primary benefits of government business loan schemes in India?

    Government business loan schemes in India offer various benefits, including competitive interest rates, flexible repayment terms, and, in some cases, collateral-free loans, making them highly accessible to entrepreneurs and small business owners.

  2. How can I apply for government business loan schemes in India?

    Interested individuals can apply for government business loan schemes through designated banks and financial institutions participating in the respective schemes. 

  3. Are government business loan schemes only for new businesses, or can existing businesses also apply?

     Government business loan schemes cater to both new ventures and existing businesses looking to expand or upgrade their operations. However, eligibility criteria may differ based on the scheme and the nature of the business.

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I’m Archana R. Chettiar, an experienced content creator with
an affinity for writing on personal finance and other financial content. I
love to write on equity investing, retirement, managing money, and more.

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