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What is the Difference Between NSE and BSE?

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Ever stepped into the fascinating world of stock markets? If so, you’ve likely come across the terms “NSE” and “BSE.” But what exactly are these giants, and how do they differ? Here’s your one-stop guide to understanding these two pillars of Indian finance.

NSE Vs BSE: The main difference

Well, both are stock exchanges, platforms where you buy and sell shares of companies. But think of them as two sides of the same coin, each with its own unique features. Before we begin to understand the NSE Vs BSE difference, let’s get the basics right.

Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)

Let’s start with the BSE. Established in 1875, it’s the oldest stock exchange in Asia, a true veteran with a rich history. It boasts over 5,000 listed companies, making it a diverse marketplace for investors seeking a wider range of options. Think of it as a bustling bazaar with a little bit of everything, from established giants to hidden gems.

National Stock Exchange (NSE)

Established in 1992, the National Stock Exchange (NSE) may have fewer listed companies compared to its counterparts, currently boasting around 2,266 as of December 31, 2023. However, what it lacks in quantity, it makes up for in tech-savvy prowess and sheer trading power. It is a high-speed trading hub, buzzing with activity thanks to its state-of-the-art software and lightning-fast order processing. This tech-focused approach has translated into impressive figures, with the combined market capitalization of all companies listed on the NSE reaching a staggering ₹3,58,12,91,532 crores. So, while it might be younger and leaner, the NSE has carved its niche as a tech-driven powerhouse, making it a force to be reckoned with in the Indian stock market landscape.

NSE Vs BSE: Ownership and Governance

In terms of ownership structures, NSE vs BSE differ significantly. NSE is a public limited company, with various entities holding its shares. Some of them include State Bank of India, HDFC Ltd., ICICI Bank Ltd., Vardhano Holdings Limited and 360 One Special Opportunities Funds.

In contrast, BSE is a corporatized and demutualized exchange, meaning it is no longer owned by its traditional broker members. Instead, it operates as a for-profit entity with diversified ownership. That is one of the major differences between NSE Vs BSE. 

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Source: Statista 

NSE VS BSE: How do they differ in their Indices

When we compare BSE vs NSE, let’s understand the fact that both have their benchmark indices, which serve as indicators of the overall market performance. The National Stock Exchange Fifty (Nifty) or NIFTY 50 is the stock market index of NSE while Sensitive Index or Sensex is the stock market index of the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). The base value of Nifty is 1000, and it is 100 for Sensex. The basic difference between Sensex and Nifty is the number of companies that are grouped as a sample. Sensex considers 30 companies for sampling, while Nifty considers 50 companies.

NSE Vs BSE: Difference in the Trading Mechanism

One of the major NSE vs BSE differences lies in their trading mechanisms. NSE follows an electronic trading system called NEAT (National Exchange for Automated Trading), which ensures high efficiency and transparency. BSE, historically known for its open outcry system, adopted an electronic trading platform called BOLT (BSE Online Trading) in 1995, aligning itself with modern trading practices.

NSE Vs BSE: Difference in Market Capitalization and Trading Volumes

When you compare NSE Vs BSE, NSE generally has higher market capitalization and trading volumes than BSE. As of October 26, 2023, NSE boasts a market capitalization of around ₹358.13 lakh crore, significantly exceeding BSE’s ₹267.65 lakh crore. The NSE’s larger market share can be attributed to factors such as the early adoption of technology, a broader range of products, and a reputation for faster trade execution. Even in terms of product offerings of NSE Vs BSE, NSE offers a wider range than BSE such as derivatives, ETFs,and currency futures. 

NSE Vs BSE: Which One is Better?

The answer to the question about which one is better, NSE Vs BSE, depends on your investment goals and risk appetite. Here’s a quick breakdown:

  • For beginners: NSE’s simpler interface and higher liquidity (ease of buying and selling) might be a good fit.
  • For experienced investors: BSE’s wider range of companies might offer more niche opportunities.
  • For tech-savvy investors: NSE’s speed and advanced features might be appealing in the race between NSE Vs BSE.

So if you are in a fix about which one to choose between NSE Vs BSE, remember that the best exchange for you is the one that best suits your needs and preferences. There’s no one-size-fits-all solution in the stock market!

NSE Vs BSE – Why is There a Price Difference?

Sometimes, the same stock can trade at slightly different prices on NSE and BSE. This happens due to various factors like order book depth, demand-supply dynamics, and even technical glitches. Don’t worry, this difference between NSE and BSE are usually minor and temporary. So if given a choice of NSE Vs BSE while deciding on the price difference, it wouldn’t matter much.

Can I Buy in NSE and Sell in BSE?

No, you can’t directly buy on one exchange and sell on the other. Each exchange has its own set of participants and settlement systems. However, you can choose which exchange you want to buy or sell on through your broker.

To conclude, NSE Vs BSE – the two pillars of Indian finance, stand tall and distinct. While their paths may diverge in age, technology, and investor focus, they harmonize in their shared goal of fostering a vibrant and robust stock market. Ultimately, the choice between them lies not in a winner or loser, but in the investor’s own unique financial aspirations. Hope you have understood the difference between NSE and BSE. 

So, in the debate of NSE Vs BSE, whether you’re drawn to the historical echoes of the BSE bazaar or the digital symphony of the NSE terminal, remember, the true maestro of your investment journey is you. Pick up your instrument, choose your exchange, and compose a portfolio that resonates with your financial dreams.

Read More: How to invest money


  1. BSE Vs NSE – What is the difference between them?

    While comparing NSE Vs BSE, remember that both the stock exchanges NSE and BSE differ in age, technology, number of listed companies, trading volume, and investor focus. NSE is younger, faster, and caters to bigger companies, while BSE is older, more diverse, and attracts a wider range of investors.

  2. What is Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)?

    BSE is Asia's oldest stock exchange, established in 1875. It hosts over 5,000 companies and has a traditional trading platform.

  3. NSE Vs BSE – Which Stock Exchange is Preferable for Investor Transactions?

    The choice depends on your investment goals and risk appetite. NSE might be better for institutional investors and day traders, while BSE might be more suitable for value investors and those seeking smaller companies.

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I’m Archana R. Chettiar, an experienced content creator with
an affinity for writing on personal finance and other financial content. I
love to write on equity investing, retirement, managing money, and more.

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