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As Fed Battles Inflation, The Dollar Remains King

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As Fed Battles Inflation, The Dollar Remains King


The US dollar has recently displayed remarkable strength, marking its most significant rally in three weeks. This surge has brought it to its strongest position against other major currencies since the previous December. The US Federal Reserve’s indication of potential rate hikes to counteract inflation is the driving force behind this surge.

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Source: CNBC

The Federal Reserve’s Strategy

The US Federal Reserve’s decision to consider more rate hikes is the linchpin of the US dollar’s recent surge. This move has particularly boosted the dollar’s standing, driven by the upswing in Treasury yields following the Fed’s meeting on September 20. Consequently, it has become increasingly appealing for investors to channel their investments into the US.

Impact on the Indian Rupee

Understanding the relationship between the Indian rupee and the US dollar hinges on supply and demand dynamics. A surge in demand for US dollars typically leads to a decrease in the value of the Indian rupee. Conversely, a decrease in demand for US dollars tends to elevate the value of the Indian rupee.

Ramifications for the Indian Economy

A stronger US dollar exerts various adverse effects on the Indian rupee, spanning trade, foreign investments, inflation, and foreign exchange reserves. Let’s delve into these consequences in detail.

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Trade Woes

With the Indian rupee depreciating against the dollar, the cost of imports for India surges. This can result in higher prices for imported goods, potentially leading to inflationary pressures within the Indian market.

Foreign Investments

A robust US dollar may deter foreign investors from pouring capital into India. The depreciation of the Indian rupee diminishes the return on investment for these external stakeholders.

Inflationary Pressures

As mentioned earlier, an appreciating US dollar can contribute to inflationary pressures in India. The increased cost of imported goods and services trickles to consumers, potentially driving up overall price levels.

Foreign Exchange Reserves

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) must carefully manage its foreign exchange reserves in the face of a strong US dollar. Maintaining an adequate reserve is crucial for safeguarding the stability of the Indian economy.


In the battle against inflation, the US dollar has emerged as a formidable force bolstered by the Federal Reserve’s stance on potential rate hikes. This surge has far-reaching implications for the Indian economy, affecting trade, foreign investments, inflation, and foreign exchange reserves. As India navigates these challenges, a vigilant approach to monetary policy and economic management will be pivotal.


  1. How does a strong US dollar affect Indian exports?

    A robust US dollar makes Indian exports relatively more expensive, potentially decreasing export volumes.

  2. What measures can the Reserve Bank of India take to mitigate the impact of a strong US dollar?

    The RBI can employ various tools, including intervening in the foreign exchange market and adjusting interest rates, to stabilize the value of the Indian rupee.

  3. What are the global implications of a robust US dollar?

    A strong US dollar can impact international trade dynamics, influencing the competitiveness of various economies and potentially leading to shifts in global economic balances.

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